Essential facts about the scimitar sword
A scimitar is a type of sword that has a sharp point and curved blade, which belongs to the category of cutting weapons. Scimitar swords are also associated with the Saracens during their fight against the Crusaders.
The swords are quite similar to other cutting tools such as the sabers and falchions as these are efficient in slicing and creating significant damages to opponents.
Furthermore, scimitars are commonly used as a symbolic representation by several groups such as the Muslims.
Historical Background of the Scimitar Sword
The use of scimitars date back to Egypt's 18th dynasty in 1600 BC, and it spread slowly in the entire region because of the different cultures that introduced their own versions of this sword. For instance, the Arabic word "saif" refers to a sword, although it typically pertains to the scimitar or the curved backsword.
Furthermore, the sword was used during the 9th century in Muslim regions. There were also other versions of the scimitar, which became popular in various countries including the Shamshir (Persia), Talwar (Mughal Kingdom), Pulwar (Afghanistan), Nimcha (Morocco), and Kilij (Turkey).
Basic Facts about Scimitars
Scimitar swords are characterized with curved blades, and these come with two distinctive styles of blades such as those that are deeply curved or long and narrow. The blades of a scimitar sword may also vary in length, and may measure between 30 and 36 inches long. These swords were originally used as close contact cutting weapons, although these are typically wield from the horseback. According to historians, the name "scimitar" is based on the Persian word "shafsher", which means the "lion's claw" because of the curved and long appearance of the blade.
Types of Scimitars
Scimitar swords come with different types based on the appearance of the blade. The Kilij, for instance, is a type of scimitar used by the Ottoman Empire and Turks in the early 15th century. This unique and impressive kind of scimitar has a distinctive slight taper towards the straight portion of the blade, and it becomes deeper until the bottom part of the sword.
When the First Barbary War has ended, the marine officer in charge was presented with a kilij that was embellished with precious jewels. This practice has become a distinct tradition among the Marine Corp. The Indian tulwar, another type of the scimitar has a blade that is similar to the shamsir except for the broader size. The word comes from the Hindi word tulwar that means "sword".
Another popular type of scimitar is the Moroccan nimcha. This cutting weapon was commonly used in the latter part of the 18th century, and it was typically forged by using the sharp blades of older versions of this sword. The blades used were designed and crafted from distant countries including Germany. Eventually, this has created a large variety of the nimcha with unique characteristics.
The Afghan pulwar has some similarities to the tulwar's blade design, the cross guard found in pulwars tend to angle in towards the blade. Most of the pulwar hilts are also embellished with ornamental designs and decorative inscriptions.